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Kyamarar hoton Infrared thermal tare da “zazzabi”

Ka'idar aiki

Hasken halitta ya ƙunshi raƙuman haske tare da raƙuman ruwa daban -daban. Yankin da ake iya gani ga idon mutum shine 390-780nm. Raƙuman electromagnetic ya fi guntu fiye da 390nm kuma ya fi tsayi fiye da 780nm idon ɗan adam ba zai iya ji ba. Daga cikinsu, raƙuman electromagnetic tare da raƙuman ruwa ƙasa da 390nm suna waje da violet na bakan haske da ake gani kuma ana kiransu hasken ultraviolet; raƙuman electromagnetic da suka fi 780nm suna waje da ja na hasken bakan da ake gani kuma ana kiran su infrared, kuma tsayin su ya kai daga 780nm zuwa 1mm.

Infrared igiyar lantarki ce tare da raƙuman ruwa tsakanin microwaves da haske da ake gani, kuma yana da asali iri ɗaya kamar raƙuman rediyo da haske da ake gani. A yanayi, duk abubuwan da zafin su ya fi na cikakken sifili (-273.15 ° C) suna ci gaba da haskaka hasken infrared. Wannan abin da ake kira thermal radiation. Fasahar hoto mai zafi ta Infrared tana amfani da injin gano zafi mai zafi na thermal, haƙiƙanin hoto na gani da tsarin binciken opto-inji don karɓar siginar infrared radiation na abin da za a auna, kuma tsarin rarraba wutar lantarki na infrared da aka mayar da hankali yana nunawa ga hoto mai mahimmanci na mai gano infrared. bayan tace tabo da tace sararin samaniya, wato, hoton infrared thermal image na abin da aka auna ana dubawa kuma ana mai da hankali kan naúrar ko mai binciken hangen nesa, wutar lantarki mai haskakawa ta canza ta hanyar mai ganowa zuwa siginar lantarki, wanda aka haɓaka kuma ya canza zuwa madaidaicin bidiyo sigina, kuma ana nuna shi azaman hoton zafi na infrared akan allon TV ko saka idanu.

mmyte

Infrared shine raƙuman electromagnetic tare da ainihin jigon rediyo da haske mai gani. Gano infrared shine tsalle cikin fahimtar ɗan adam game da yanayi. Fasahar da ke amfani da na’urar lantarki ta musamman don juyar da rarraba zafin jiki a saman wani abu zuwa hoton da idon ɗan adam zai iya gani kuma yana nuna rabon zafin a saman abu a cikin launi daban -daban ana kiransa fasahar fasahar dumama ta infrared thermal imaging. Wannan na’urar lantarki ana kiran ta da infrared thermal imager.
Hoton Infrared thermal imaging yana amfani da injin bincike na infrared, haƙiƙanin haƙiƙanin haƙiƙa da tsarin binciken opto-inji (fasahar haɓaka mai da hankali ta yanzu tana kawar da tsarin binciken opto-inji) don karɓar tsarin rarraba wutar lantarki na infrared na abin da za a auna da kuma nuna shi zuwa ga wani abu mai ɗaukar hoto na mai gano infrared. Tsakanin tsarin na gani da mai gano infrared, akwai na'urar dubawa na inji-injin (hoton mai da hankali na jirgin sama ba shi da wannan injin) don bincika hoton zafin abin infrared na abin da za a auna da mayar da hankali a kan naúrar ko mai binciken hangen nesa. . Ana jujjuya makamashin infrared zuwa siginar lantarki ta mai ganowa, kuma ana nuna hoton zafin infrared akan allon TV ko saka idanu bayan haɓakawa da juyawa zuwa siginar bidiyo na yau da kullun.
Irin wannan hoton zafi ya yi daidai da filin rarraba zafi a saman abin; a zahiri, shi ne zane -zanen rarraba hoto mai zafi na hasken infrared na kowane sashi na abin da za a auna. Saboda siginar tana da rauni sosai, idan aka kwatanta da hoton haske da ake gani, ba ta da gradation da girma na uku. Don yin hukunci filin rarraba infrared zafi na abin don a auna shi da inganci a cikin ainihin aikin aiwatarwa, ana amfani da wasu matakan taimako don haɓaka ayyukan aikace -aikacen kayan aiki, kamar kula da haske da bambanci na hoto, daidaitaccen ma'auni gyare -gyare, kwane -kwane mai zanen launi da histogram don ayyukan lissafi, bugu, da sauransu.

Kyamarori masu ɗaukar hoto suna alƙawarin a cikin masana'antar gaggawa
Idan aka kwatanta da kyamarori masu haske na gargajiya waɗanda ke dogaro da haske na yanayi ko na yanayi don saka idanu na kyamara, kyamarori masu ɗaukar hoto ba sa buƙatar wani haske, kuma suna iya bayyananniyar hoton da ke dogaro da zafin infrared da abin da kansa ke haskawa. Kyamarar hoton zafi ta dace da kowane yanayin haske kuma haske mai ƙarfi bai shafeta ba. Yana iya ganowa a sarari da nemo makasudi, da kuma gano makasudin ɓoye da ɓoye ba tare da la'akari da dare ko rana ba. Don haka, da gaske zai iya lura da sa'o'i 24.


Lokacin aikawa: Mayu-28-2021