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Tsarin tsari da haɓaka yanayin ƙirar kyamara

I. Tsarin da haɓaka yanayin ƙirar kyamara
An yi amfani da kyamarori sosai a samfuran lantarki daban -daban, musamman saurin haɓaka masana'antu kamar wayoyin hannu da Allunan, wanda ya haifar da haɓaka masana'antar kyamara cikin sauri. A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, ƙirar kyamarar da aka yi amfani da ita don samun hotuna ta zama ana amfani da ita a cikin kayan lantarki na mutum, mota, likita, da sauransu. . Kayan kyamarar da aka yi amfani da su a cikin na'urorin lantarki na iya ɗaukar hotuna ba kawai ba, har ma suna taimakawa na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukar hoto su gane kiran bidiyo nan take da sauran ayyuka. Tare da yanayin haɓakawa cewa na'urorin lantarki masu ɗaukar hoto sun zama masu kauri da haske kuma masu amfani suna da buƙatu mafi girma da ƙima don ingancin hoton kyamarar kyamara, an sanya ƙarin buƙatu masu tsauri akan girman gabaɗaya da damar hoton samfuran kyamara. A takaice dai, yanayin ci gaban na’urar lantarki mai ɗaukuwa yana buƙatar ƙirar kyamara don ƙara haɓakawa da ƙarfafa ikon hoto akan ƙananan girman.

Daga tsarin kyamarar wayar hannu, manyan sassan guda biyar sune: firikwensin hoto (yana canza siginar haske zuwa siginar lantarki), Lens, motor coil motor, module camera da infrared filter. Za'a iya raba sarkar masana'antar kyamara zuwa ruwan tabarau, motar muryar muryar, matattarar infrared, firikwensin CMOS, mai sarrafa hoto da marufi. Masana'antar tana da ƙofar fasaha da babban matakin maida hankali kan masana'antu. Tsarin kyamara ya haɗa da:
1. Kwamitin kewayawa tare da da'irori da abubuwan lantarki;
2. Kunshin da ke kunshe da kayan lantarki, kuma an saita rami a cikin kunshin;
3. Wani guntu mai ɗaukar hoto wanda aka haɗa shi da wutar lantarki, ɓangaren kunshin guntun hoton yana kunshe da kunshin, kuma an sanya tsakiyar guntu ɗin mai ɗaukar hoto a cikin rami;
4. Gilashin ruwan tabarau da aka haɗa zuwa saman saman fakitin; kuma
5. Tace da aka haɗa kai tsaye tare da ruwan tabarau, kuma an shirya sama da ramin kuma kai tsaye gaban guntu mai ɗaukar hoto.
(I) firikwensin hoto na CMOS: Samar da firikwensin hoto yana buƙatar fasaha mai ƙarfi da tsari. Sony (Japan), Samsung (Koriya ta Kudu) da Howe Technology (US) sun mamaye kasuwar, tare da kason kasuwa sama da 60%.
(II) ruwan tabarau na wayar hannu: Lens wani sashi ne na gani wanda ke haifar da hotuna, galibi ana haɗa su da abubuwa da yawa. Ana amfani dashi don ƙirƙirar hotuna akan korau ko allo. An raba ruwan tabarau zuwa ruwan tabarau na gilashi da ruwan tabarau. Idan aka kwatanta da ruwan tabarau na resin, ruwan tabarau na gilashi yana da babban juzu'i mai jujjuyawa (na bakin ciki a daidai tsayi mai tsayi) da babban watsawar haske. Bugu da ƙari, samar da ruwan tabarau na da wahala, ƙimar yawan amfanin ƙasa kaɗan ce, kuma farashin yana da yawa. Sabili da haka, galibi ana amfani da ruwan tabarau don kayan aikin daukar hoto na ƙarshe, kuma galibi ana amfani da ruwan tabarau don kayan aikin ɗaukar hoto.
(III) Motar muryar murya (VCM): VCM nau'in mota ce. Kyamarorin wayar hannu suna amfani da VCM sosai don cimma mai da hankali. Ta hanyar VCM, ana iya daidaita matsayin ruwan tabarau don gabatar da bayyanannun hotuna.
(IV) Module na kamara: Fasahar murfin CSP ya zama sannu a hankali
Kamar yadda kasuwa ke da buƙatu mafi girma da ƙima don wayoyin komai -da -ruwanka masu haske da haske, mahimmancin tsarin fakitin module ɗin kyamara ya zama sananne. A halin yanzu, babban tsarin sarrafa kayan aikin kamara ya haɗa da COB da CSP. Samfuran da ke da ƙananan pixels galibi an saka su a cikin CSP, kuma samfuran da ke da manyan pixels sama da 5M galibi an haɗa su a cikin COB. Tare da ci gaba mai ɗorewa, fasahar marufi na CSP a hankali yana shiga cikin 5M da sama da samfuran samfuran ƙila kuma yana iya zama babban kayan fasaha a nan gaba. Ta hanyar wayar tafi -da -gidanka da aikace -aikacen motoci, ƙimar kasuwar ƙirar ta ƙaru a hankali a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.

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Lokacin aikawa: Mayu-28-2021